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King's/PP contains:
<-- See earlier
POP The Papers of Hugh and Brynhild (Olivier) Popham
PWA The Papers of Peter William Avery
RBB The Papers of Richard Bevan Braithwaite
RCB The Papers of Rupert Chawner Brooke
REB The Papers of Ronald Edmond Balfour
REF The Papers of Roger Eliot Fry
REL The Papers of Brigadier Robert E. ('Bobby') Loder
REM Papers Associated with R. E. Macpherson
RFK The Papers of Richard Ferdinand Kahn
RNL The Papers of Rosamond Nina Lehmann
RSM The Papers of Raisley Stuart Moorsom
See later -->
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The Papers of Roger Eliot Fry

Title The Papers of Roger Eliot Fry
Reference GBR/0272/PP/REF
Creator Fry, Roger Eliot (1866-1934), painter and art critic
Covering Dates 1873–1969
Extent and Medium 34 boxes; paper, glass negatives and photographs
Repository King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
Content and context

Roger Fry was born in Highgate, London in 1866. He was educated at St George's School, Ascot and Clifton College, and studied Natural Sciences at King's College between 1885 and 1889. He was elected to the Cambridge Apostles in 1887. In 1889 he attended Francis Bate's art school in Hammersmith.

Roger Fry became an expert on old Italian masters and French Post-Impressionist painters. He was Curator of the New York Metropolitan Museum between 1906 and 1910. On his return to England he put on two controversial exhibitions of modern French art. Fry opened the Omega workshops in 1913 to encourage young artists into interior decoration, and helped John Maynard Keynes to form the London Artists' Association in the 1920s.

Fry wrote several books about art and gave popular public lectures. In 1933 he became the Slade Professor at Cambridge University. His own paintings included portraits of friends in the Bloomsbury Group.

Roger Fry married Helen Coombe on 3 December 1896; they had two children, Pamela and Julian. Helen became mentally unstable and spent most of her life in a home. From 1920 Fry spent a large part of each year in Provence.

The collection includes lectures, correspondence, sketchbooks etc. accumulated by Fry during his lifetime. It also contains secondary material comprising correspondence, photocopies, notes and news cuttings assembled since Fry's death by his sister Margery, daughter Pamela Diamand, biographer Virginia Woolf, bibliographer Donald Laing and editor Denys Sutton.

The majority of Fry's papers were presented by his daughter, Pamela Diamand between 1976 and 1981.

The first listing was prepared in the late 1970s. A new catalogue was produced in 1995 which has separated records which may be considered Fry's own from those subsequently acquired.

Access and Use

Copyright in the unpublished writings of Roger Fry is held by Mrs A. Cole. Please contact the Archivist for further information.

Please cite as King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge, The Papers of Roger Eliot Fry, REF

Further information

For biographical details of Roger Fry, see:

Richard Shone 'Bloomsbury Portraits' (1976);

Frances Spalding 'Roger Fry: art and life' (1980);

Virginia Woolf 'Roger Fry: a biography' (1940).

Catalogues for some of the exhibitions organized by REF can be found in the Keynes collection. JMK/PP/71 is a list of Keynes's art catalogues. The Tate Archive holds the papers of Helen Anrep including some REF material.

A full catalogue is available on the College web site, and in hard copy in the Archive Centre.

Index Terms
Fry, Roger Eliot (1866-1934) painter and art critic
Fry, Sara Margery (1874-1958) Principal of Somerville College Oxford
King's/PP/REF contains:
1 Fry's writings.
175 files; paper.
2 Lecture slides.
Approximately 2200; glass plate negative.
3 Correspondence.
Creator: Fry, Roger Eliot and Fry, Helen.
Approximately 200 envelopes; paper.
4 Notebooks, sketches, and designs.
Approximately 1.5 boxes; paper.
5 Diaries.
4 volumes and 1 envelope; paper.
6 Photographs.
21 items; photograph.
7 Personal papers.
12 envelopes and 1 volume; paper.
8 Writings by others.
8 envelopes; paper.
9 Books owned by Roger Fry.
13 volumes; paper.
10 News cuttings.
7 envelopes; paper.
11 Posthumous publications of writings by Roger Fry.
44 envelopes; paper.
12 Material collected for Donald Laing's bibliography.
Creator: Laing, Donald A.
2 boxes and 2 envelopes; paper.
13 Biographical material.
47 envelopes; paper.
14 Correspondence.
Creator: Fry family and friends.
23 envelopes; paper.

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