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King's/PP contains:
<-- See earlier
OLR The Papers of Oliffe Legh Richmond
PFR The Papers of Philip FitzHugh Radcliffe
POP The Papers of Hugh and Brynhild (Olivier) Popham
PWA The Papers of Peter William Avery
RBB The Papers of Richard Bevan Braithwaite
RCB The Papers of Rupert Chawner Brooke
REB The Papers of Ronald Edmond Balfour
REF The Papers of Roger Eliot Fry
REL The Papers of Brigadier Robert E. ('Bobby') Loder
REM Papers Associated with R. E. Macpherson
RFK The Papers of Richard Ferdinand Kahn
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The Papers of Rupert Chawner Brooke

Title The Papers of Rupert Chawner Brooke
Reference GBR/0272/PP/RCB
Creator Brooke, Rupert Chawner (1887-1915), poet
Covering Dates 1869–1989
Extent and Medium 22 boxes and 94 volumes; paper
Repository King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
Content and context

Rupert Brooke was educated at Rugby, where his father was master for many years and where he became friends with Geoffrey Keynes. He matriculated at King's College, Cambridge in 1906 as a classics scholar, though he was later to concentrate on English. In 1909, having completed the first part of the Classical Tripos, he moved to Grantchester where he would become the centre of a group known as the 'neo-pagans' and began to write the poetry for which he would become famous. In the same year he won the Charles Oldham Shakespeare Scholarship and in 1910 the Harness Prize. He was elected a fellow of King's College in 1913.

Personal problems prompted Brooke to take a long holiday, despite his recent election to a fellowship, and he spent a year traveling in America, Canada and the Pacific, along the way writing a series of articles for the Westminster Gazette. He returned in June 1914 and soon received a commission as a Sub-Lieutenant in the Hood Battalion of the Royal Naval Division. Thereafter he served at Antwerp, trained for a winter at Blandford Camp and then joined the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in February of 1915. He died on the following 23 April and was buried at Skyros, the victim in succession of sunstroke and blood poisoning.

This collection brings together items by and about Rupert Brooke from a variety of sources. It includes manuscript and typescript copies of Brooke's poetry and prose, correspondence between Rupert Brooke and others and a number of photographs. A limited amount of biographical and supplementary material, concentrated on items originating after Brooke's death, can also be found in this collection.

Although held at a single location, the physical ownership of the Rupert Brooke collection is split into two parts. One part is held by King's College, Cambridge. The other is held by the Brooke Trustees, who have deposited the papers at King's College to provide public access.

The collection has a complex administrative history. At Rupert Brooke's death, Mrs. Mary Ruth Brooke, his mother, appointed Sir Edward Marsh literary executor. However, at her death in 1930 a group of literary trustees were appointed that did not include Eddie Marsh, for in the years between Brooke's death and 1930 Mrs. Brooke and Sir Edward had had many disagreements over the publishing of her son's work and the content of Marsh's 'Memoir'. The newly appointed literary trustees, Geoffrey Keynes (the most active), Walter de la Mare, Dudley Ward and John Tresidder Sheppard, were charged, according to the terms of Mrs. Brooke's will, with overseeing the sale of Brooke's books and the disposition of such of his manuscripts as were not in the hands of Eddie Marsh in King's College Library.

In the event, Marsh relinquished his life interest in certain manuscripts bequeathed to him by Mrs. Brooke and significant bodies of material were transferred to King's during 1931 from both him and the literary executors. In the hands of Marsh and Keynes, a substantial amount of poetry and letters subsequently transferred were bound. The papers transferred also included transcripts of Brooke poems and letters collected by both men in preparation for publication.

The 'collection', therefore, must be seen as exactly that: the accumulations of several interested individuals, Marsh, Mrs. Brooke and Keynes, alongside the papers left by the poet at his death, his 'archive' proper. Subsequent transfers were made by the Trustees on several occasions, including a substantial additional body of Keynes's correspondence in 1980. Material was also presented to the library from other interested individuals, among them Hugh Dalton in 1962.

Access and Use

Permission to quote from the unpublished writings of Rupert Brooke should be sought from the Brooke Trustees. Please contact the archivist for further information.

Please cite as King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge, The Papers of Rupert Chawner Brooke, RCB

Further information

For biographical details concerning Rupert Brooke the reader is referred to the following biographies: Paul Delany, 'The Neo-pagans: friendship and love in the Rupert Brooke circle' (London: Macmillan, 1987) and Christopher Halsall, 'Rupert Brooke: A Biography' (London: Faber and Faber, 1964).

http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit - The First World War Poetry Digital Archive.

A full catalogue is available on the College web site, and in hard copy in the Archive Centre. Particlar note should be made that these catalogues provide an index for the bringing together of scattered references to, for example, the letters of different individuals or the versions of a poem.

A brief box and parcel list was made during the 1930s. In 1971, Elizabeth Ellem and A.N.L. Munby produced a more detailed catalogue. In view of the different status of certain parts of the collection, some items being the property of the College and other parts remaining the property of the Brooke Trustees, it was thought best to include details of provenance and ownership in each case. In 1980, Michael Halls, Modern Archivist, produced a new listing of that part of the collection which documented Brooke's posthumous reputation (roughly that in old section X). In 1992, Elizabeth Street, Assistant Archivist, produced a detailed list of the photographs. The current catalogue improves on consistency in lay-out and detail recorded for all parts of the collection, but it has not altered the scheme of arrangement or referencing apart from previously unsorted parcels of printed material.

Index Terms
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Canada
Oceania
War
Marsh, Sir Edward Howard (1872-1953) Knight, public servant and patron of the arts
Brooke, Rupert Chawner (1887-1915) poet
Cox, Katherine Laird (1887-1938) neo-pagan
King's/PP/RCB contains:
V Verse.
1 envelope and 8 volumes; paper.
1904–1950
D Drama.
5 envelopes and 2 volumes; paper.
1908–1912
Da Dalton Bequest.
6 envelopes; paper.
1908–1966
P Prose.
2 boxes and 5 volumes; paper.
1899–1916
L Letters.
2.5 boxes and 12 volumes; paper.
1900–1981
M Miscellaneous.
1.5 boxes and 9 volumes; paper.
1890–1915
Xa Biographical and Supplementary Material.
15 envelopes; paper.
1897–1915
Xb Reviews and Comment.
2 envelopes; paper.
1912–1915
Xc Death and Burial.
38 envelopes and 1 item; paper.
1915–1918
Xd Poems, articles, etc. in memory of Rupert Brooke.
1 box and 6 volumes; paper.
1912–1978
Xe Correspondence concerning Rupert Brooke's grave and memorials.
1 box; paper.
1915–1930
Xf Other correspondence of Mary Ruth Brooke.
11 envelopes; paper.
1911–1930
Xg Correspondence of other individuals.
14 envelopes; paper.
1913–2002
Xh Sir Geoffrey Keynes' correspondence.
1 box and 4 volumes; paper.
1920–1970
Xi Sir Geoffrey Keynes' typescripts.
2 boxes; paper.
1940–1969
Pr Printed Material.
8 boxes and 1 shelf of volumes; paper.
1869–1978
Ph Photographs.
334 photographs in 2 box albums and oversize store; photographic print; All measurements in descriptions are given in cm.
1888–1989
Pc Postcards.
2 envelopes; paper.
1913–1914
Ad Additional Items.
1 envelope; paper.
1908–1969
FPr Further printed material.
paper.
1987–1988

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