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Churchill contains:
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SMTH The Papers of J Philip Smith
SMVL The Papers of Admiral Sir James Somerville
SOAM The Papers of Baron Soames
SPRS The Papers of Sir Edward Spears
SRLE The Papers of Rear-Admiral Malcolm Walter St Leger Searle
STED The Papers of William T. Stead
STHO The Papers of Sir Stanley Hooker
STJN The Papers of Richard Stanton-Jones
STKH The papers of Baron King-Hall of Headley
STNR The Papers of Frederick George Steiner
STOW The Papers of Sir Kenneth Stowe
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The Papers of William T. Stead

Title The Papers of William T. Stead
Reference GBR/0014/STED
Creator Stead, William Thomas (1849 - 1912), journalist and author
Covering Dates 1871–1987 (Main date range of material is 1871-1912.)
Extent and Medium 15 boxes and 61 volumes; Mixed
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Stead was born in Embleton on 5 July 1849, the son of Rev. W. Stead, a Congregational Minister. He was educated at Silcoates School, Wakefield and in 1873 he married Emma L. Wilson, and they had six children.

Stead began his working life as an apprentice at a merchant's office in Newcastle-on-Tyne, when he was 14. At the age of 22, he became the editor of the "Northern Echo" in Darlington, 1871 - 1880.

He was the assistant editor of the "Pall Mall Gazette" 1880 -1883, and its editor 1883 -1889. In 1885 he exposed the ease of acquiring a prostitute in London by purchasing a 13 year old, Eliza Armstrong. He published a series of articles entitled 'The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon' and was imprisoned at Holloway Prison for three months.

He founded the "Review of Reviews" in 1890, also the American Review of Reviews in 1891 and the Australasian Review of Reviews in 1894. Stead preached the Peace Crusade after visiting the Tsar of Russia in 1898, and he founded and edited the weekly paper "War against War". After the Hague Conference, which he attended, he strongly opposed the war with the Transvaal.

Stead died on 15 April 1912; he was on board the "Titantic" on route to take part in a peace congress at Carnegie Hall at the request of William Howard Taft, but failed to reach a life boat in time.

The bulk of this collection is Stead's letters from his many correspondents including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, William Gladstone, and Christabel Pankhurst. There are also papers relating to his time in prison, and to his many publications.

The collection was deposited at Churchill Archives Centre by members of the Stead family between 1986-1996 and 2012

The papers are arranged into 8 series, with the correspondence sorted alphabetically by correspondent.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of William T. Stead, STED

Further information

Publications:

Stead's publications include: "Truth about the Navy" (1884), "Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon" (1885), "The Truth about Russia" (1888), "The Pope and the New Era" (1889), "The Story that transformed the world" (1890), "If Christ came to Chicago" (1893), "The Labour War in the United States" (1894), "Her Majesty the Queen" (1897), "Satan's Invisible World: A Study of Despairing Democracy" (1897), "The United States of Europe" (1899), "Mr Carnegie's conundrum" (1900), "Mrs Booth, a study" (1900), "The Conference at the Hague" (1900), "The Americanisation of the World" (1900), "The Last Will and Testament of Cecil John Rhodes" (1900), "The Despised Sex" (1900), and various pamphlets against the war in South Africa (1900).

Churchill Archives Centre also holds the papers of Sir Winston Churchill (reference code GBR/0014/CHUR and CHAR) Viscount Esher [Reginald Brett] (reference code GBR/0014/ESHR) and the papers of the Dilke-Crawford-Roskill family (Reference GBR/0014/REND). A complete set of the 'Review of Reviews' is also available to consult at the Archives Centre. Please ask staff for further details.

A copy of this finding aid is available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, the National Register of Archives, London, and on the Janus website, http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/

The collection was sorted and listed in 1988. Additional biographical information is taken from "Who's Who". The catalogue was converted in 2006 by Sandra Marsh.

Index Terms
Journalism
Literature
Social Reform
Carter, Sir Charles Bonham - (1876-1955) Knight and General
Churchill/STED contains:
1 Correspondence.
80 files; paper.
1876–1912
2 Other Correspondence.
4 files; paper.
1885–1912
3 Personal and business papers.
2 files; paper.
1871–1902
4 Armstrong Case: material relating to time in Prison.
3 files; paper.
1885–1910
5 Material related to Jameson Raid.
6 files; paper.
1896–1899
6 Books, articles and other writings by W. T. Stead.
7 files; paper.
1891–1911
7 Articles about Stead.
2 files; paper.
1987
8 Miscellaneous.
1 volume and 4 files; paper.
1913

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