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Churchill contains:
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KPZA Papers of Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza
LABA The Papers of Lansing Bagnall Limited
LASC The Papers of Sir Frank Lascelles
LASL The Papers of Sir Alan Lascelles
LASL AS Associated Papers of Sir Alan Lascelles
LDBA The Papers of Baron Baker of Windrush
LEBY The Papers of Vice-Admiral Sir Louis Le Bailly
LEEP The Papers of Alexander Wigram Allen Leeper
LEGT The Papers of George Leggett
LESL The Papers of Sir Norman Leslie
LEVN The Papers of Jack Le Vien
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The Papers of Baron Baker of Windrush

Title The Papers of Baron Baker of Windrush
Reference GBR/0014/LDBA
Creator Baker, John Fleetwood, 1901-1985, Baron Baker of Windrush, scientist and Professor of Mechanical Sciences
Covering Dates 1921–1985
Extent and Medium 200 archive boxes (approximately); paper
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Baker was born on 19 March 1901, the son of J W Baker (of Wallasey) and Emily C Westwood. He was educated at Rossall and Clare College, Cambridge and in 1928 married Fiona Mary MacAlister Walker (d.1979).

Baker held many scientific and academic positions including: Technical Assistant, Design Department, Royal Airship Works, 1925; Assistant Lecturer, University College, Cardiff, 1926; Scientific Assistant, Building Research Station, 1928; Technical Officer to Steel Structures Research Committee, 1931-36; Professor of Civil Engineering, Bristol University, 1933-43; Professor of Mechanical Sciences and Head of Department of Engineering, Cambridge University, 1943-68, Professor Emeritus, 1968; Chairman of the Council, School of Physical Sciences, Cambridge University, 1945-72. He was a member of the Civil Defence Research Committee, 1939-1948; the Scientific Advisory Commission, Ministry of Works, 1945-46; the Advisory Council to Military College of Science, 1947-52; the University Grants Committee, 1953-63; a member of Council, British Welding Research Association; President of the Welding Institute, 1971-73 (Brooker Medal, 1977); President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1975-76; Chairman of the Naval Education Advisory Committee, 1958-64; Consultant, Naval Constructional Research Establishment, Rosyth, 1948-63. He was also a Director of companies including: Technical Development Capital Ltd, 1962-74; John Brown & Co. Ltd, 1963-71; Cambridge Fender and Engineering Co. Ltd, 1964-74. Baker was also a Scientific Adviser and in charge of Design and Development Section of the Ministry of Home Security, Air Raid Precautions Department, 1939-43. In 1940 he designed the Morrison indoor shelter.

The most extensive and particularly interesting material in this varied collection is that relating to Lord Baker's wartime work on air raid precautions, analysing bomb and other enemy damage and devising ways of protecting buildings and personnel. There are also important sections on the work of the Department of Engineering in Cambridge University, the University itself and the University Grants Committee. There is considerable material relating to Lord Baker's membership of a wide range of professional bodies, organisations and committees along with copies of many talks and papers prepared for conferences and other gatherings. His firm belief in the need to build up the strength and standing of the engineering profession and improve the quality and breadth of the education of engineers is well illustrated in almost 40 years of speeches, lectures and papers. There are also some cassette tape recordings of his speeches on this subject in the House of Lords between 1978 and 1983.

Lord Baker deposited the bulk of his papers at Churchill Archives Centre in 1973, with a second deposit, mainly of early University Grants Committee files in 1976. After his death, his daughter gave the remainder of his papers to Churchill College, making a collection of over 200 boxes in total.

The papers comprise 10 series: wartime; Engineering Dept.; University of Cambridge; Engineering in general; talks, writings & conferences; visits; University Grants Committee; other committees & interests; correspondence; and personal & miscellaneous.

The collection is owned by Churchill College.

Access and Use

With the exception of a few files, With the exception of a few files, which are still closed (details are available in the catalogue), the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Baron Baker of Windrush, LDBA

Further information

Baker also recorded several lectures, at GBR/0014/CHOH 3.

The Baker papers were catalogued in 1987. Copies of this finding aid and of the full printed catalogue are available at Churchill Archives Centre and at the National Register of Archives. This finding aid is also available on the Janus website, http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk.

This collection (fonds) level description was compiled by Natalie Adams of Churchill Archives Centre in January 2002, drawing on information from the complete catalogue. Series level descriptions were added by Katharine Thomson in November 2005.

Index Terms
Civil Engineering
Baker, John Fleetwood (1901-1985) Baron Baker of Windrush, scientist and Professor of Mechanical Sciences
Churchill/LDBA contains:
1 Wartime work. Includes: Ministry of Home Security papers on design of air raid shelters; Home Office Civil Defence Research Committee minutes; Department of Scientific and Industrial Research papers on alternative construction methods; papers on bombing trials for shelters and on protection for factories and offices; road research reports; data on damage to reinforced concrete and steel framed buildings; report on damage at Hiroshima and Nagasaki [Japan].
156 files.
2 University of Cambridge Engineering Department. Includes: Faculty Board of Engineering committee papers; staff files and interviews; papers of the Departmental Reorganisation Committee; annual reports of the Head of Department; reports by Baker on engineering in Cambridge; papers on new Engineering buildings; student files; professorships; departmental memoranda; notes on Chemical Engineering at Cambridge; cuttings on the Engineering Department.
66 files.
3 University of Cambridge. Includes: General Board Committee papers on building science courses and administrative matters; papers of the University Building Syndicate; papers on a proposed professorship in thermodynamics; Readership in Industrial Management; papers on development of the University; papers on relations between the University and Churchill College; papers of the committee to review the organisation of chemistry departments; correspondence on the postgraduate medical school; appointments and papers on staff pay; major research projects in the Departments of Civil and Mechanical Engineering; papers on Management Studies.
31 files.
4 Engineering in general. Includes: correspondence on support for engineering research and recruitment to the profession; papers and correspondence with other professors of engineering; correspondence on various design plans, including computer design, steel containers and Tornado shelters; papers and articles on the role of the scientist and engineer; minutes of the inaugural meeting of Fellowship in Engineering and reports of a working party chaired by Baker on research in British universities; submissions to the Government Inquiry into the Engineering Profession; reports of the Finniston Committee into the future of engineering; Engineering Council papers.
34 files.
5 Talks, writings and conferences. Manuscripts and notes of various lectures, speeches and articles by Baker on engineering topics.
67 files.
6 Visits. Reports, diaries etc of Baker's visits to Austria, London, Canada, South Africa and to ICI [Imperial Chemical Industries Limited].
7 files.
7 University Grants Committee. Papers and correspondence, mainly on committee visits to various universities.
55 files.
8 Others committees and interests. Papers from various engineering and scientific committees, including: the Royal Society; the Institute of Welding; the Institution of Civil Engineers; the Civil Engineering Research Council; Technical Development Capital Limited; the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
57 files.
9 Correspondence. Personal and miscellaneous correspondence, including correspondence with Clare College, Cambridge and correspondence with Stephen Bragg on training engineers for industry.
26 files.
10 Personal and miscellaneous. Includes: honorary degrees; papers on interplanetary research; article on Baker from New Scientist; memorial address for Baker; photographs of Baker and of soldiers in the field; brief list of Baker's papers.
8 files.
c 1958-c 1985

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