Astronomer; son of Sir William Herschel; senior wrangler and first Smith's prizeman, 1813; subsequently fellow of St John's College, Cambridge; MA 1816; helped to found Analytical Society, Cambridge, 1813; secretary to Royal Society 1824-7; president of Astronomical Society, 1827-32; created baronet, 1838; president of British Association, 1845; master of the Mint, 1850-5. Major contribution to astronomy through the discovery and cataloguing of many double stars, work on 'light' and early work on photographical process. Buried in Westminster Abbey.
Letters and picture (dated 1812-1955), documents relating to Herschel's 1839 paper, 'The Art of Photography', given to the Royal Society, (dated 1833-1979), Herschel's notebooks.
Divided into subjects and arranged in chronological order.