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Trinity contains:
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MUNB Papers of A J Munby including those of his wife Hannah Cullwick
MYER Papers of Frederic William Henry Myers (1843-1901), psychical researcher and essayist
POWELL Classical papers of J Enoch Powell
RAB Papers of Richard Austen Butler (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician
ROBERTSON Papers of Sir Dennis Holme Robertson (1890-1963), Economist
SIDGWICK Papers of Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900), philosopher
SMIJ Papers of James Smith
SMITH Papers of Sir Henry Babington Smith (1863-1923),Civil Servant.
SRAFFA Papers of Piero Sraffa (1898-1983), economist
SYNG Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Richard Laurence Millington Synge FRS (1914-1994), Biochemist
TAYLOR Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor OM FRS; (1886-1975)
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Papers of Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900), philosopher

Title Papers of Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900), philosopher
Reference GBR/0016/SIDGWICK
Creator The papers were probably given by Eleanor or ArthurSidgwick
Covering Dates 1859–1906
Extent and Medium 15; boxes
Repository Trinity College Library, Cambridge
Content and context

Henry Sidgwick was born in Skipton, Yorkshire in 1838, the son of the Revd William Sidgwick, headmaster of Skipton Grammar School, and Mary Crofts. He attended Rugby School, where his cousin, the future Archbishop of Canterbury, Edward White Benson was a master. Thence he entered Trinity in 1855 where he was elected to a scholarship in 1855. He gained University honours by becoming Bell Scholar in 1856 and Craven Scholar in 1857. In 1859 he was 33rd Wrangler, Senior Classic and 1st Chancellor's Medallist. He became a Fellow of Trinity in that year also

Although Sidgwick gained a University lectureship in classics, his thoughts began to turn to philosophy, perhaps influenced by his membership of the Grote Club. At the same time he also threw himself into the cause of University and College reform, forming a powerful alliance with Henry Jackson. In the few years after the death of Whewell in 1866, the party of reform were able to achieve a number of their goals, but the religious tests on Fellowships of Trinity still remained, and Sidgwick felt duty-bound to resign his Fellowship in 1869 on grounds of conscience.

In the same year Sidgwick exchanged his lectureship in Classics for one in Moral Sciences and strove to help develop a school of philosophy in Cambridge. In 1875, Trinity appointed him Praelector in Moral and Political Philosophy and in 1885 he was elected Knightbridge Professor of Moral Philosophy and re-elected to his Trinity Fellowship. He held the chair until 1900.

Sidgwick was a strong supporter of the education of women and served at times both on the governing bodies of Newnham and Girton and his wife Eleanor (nee Balfour) was Vice-President of Newnham. He died in 1900.

Sidgwick's major publications were Methods of Ethics (1874), Principles of Political Economy (1883, and Elements of Politics (1891)

This collection of Sidgwick's papers consists mostly of correspondence covering the period 1859 to 1900, the major correspondents being Mary Sidgwick, Mary Benson (nee Sidgwick), F W H Myers and Eleanor Sidgwick. There is also some biographical material, obituary notices and papers relating to the memoir of Sidgwick published by Eleanor and Arthur Sidgwick


These papers are catalogued within the additional manuscript series 'c' and are catalogued as Add.Ms.c.93-106

Access and Use

Please cite as

Further information

AS and EMS [Arthur and Eleanor Mary Sidgwick] Henry Sidgwick: a memoir

There is a handwritten list compiled by D J Ward in Trinity College Library

Index Terms
Sidgwick, Henry (1838-1900) philosopher
Sidgwick, Eleanor Mildred (1845-1936) Principal of Newnham College Cambridge
No further on-line information.

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