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Churchill contains:
<-- See earlier
RICH The War of 1739 to 1748
RIDL The Papers of Lord Ridley of Liddesdale
RIDS The Papers of Sir Julian Ridsdale
RLEW The Papers of Ronald Lewin
RMSY The Papers of Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay
RNDL The Papers of Sir John Randall
ROBN The Papers of Sir Austin Robinson
ROBT The Papers of Sir Frank Roberts
ROCO The Papers of Sir Robert Cockburn
ROSE The Papers of Wickliffe Rose
ROSK The Papers of Stephen Roskill
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The Papers of Sir John Randall

Title The Papers of Sir John Randall
Reference GBR/0014/RNDL
Creator Randall, Sir John Turton, 1905-1984, Knight, biophysicist
Covering Dates 1920–1983
Extent and Medium 19 archive boxes
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

John Turton Randall was born on 23 March 1905. He was educated at Manchester University. He married Doris Duckworth in 1928, with whom he had one son.

He began his career as a physics researcher at the General Electric Company Ltd (GEC), 1926-37. He was Warren Research Fellow of the Royal Society, 1937-43, and an honorary member of staff of Birmingham University, 1940-3. He carried out research on behalf of the Admiralty, 1939-43, and, with Henry Boot, discovered the cavity magnetron, which was central to the development of shortwave radar. He was a Lecturer in the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University, 1943-4; Professor of Natural Philosophy, St Andrew's University, 1944-6; and Wheatstone Professor of Physics, 1946-61, and Professor of Biophysics, 1961-70, King's College, London. He was the first Director of the MRC Biophysics Research Unit (later the Randall Centre), King's College, London, 1947-70, where pioneering research into the structure of DNA was undertaken. He also served as Chairman of the School of Biological Sciences, King's College, London, 1963-9. He retired in Edinburgh, 1970, and continued to pursue research projects in the Zoology Department, Edinburgh University. He died on 16 June 1984.

He was awarded a knighthood, 1962. He was an Honorary Professor, Edinburgh University, and an Emeritus Professor of Biophysics, King's College, London.

His publications include: editor, "The Diffraction of X-rays by Amorphous Solids, Liquids and Gases" (1934); editor, "Nature and Structure of Collagen" (1953); and joint editor, "Progress in Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry" (1950-5).

Papers relating to the cavity magnetron and to biophysics, including lectures, articles, research notebooks, correspondence, press cuttings, drawings and photographs.

The papers were deposited in Churchill Archives Centre by Sir John Randall, 1984.

Access and Use

The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Sir John Randall, RNDL

Further information

A copy of this catalogue is available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, the National Register of Archives, London, and on the Janus website http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk.

This collection was catalogued by Sophie Bridges, March 2007. Biographical information was obtained from "Who's Who 1896-1997" and Sir John Randall's obituary in "The Times", 20 June 1984.

Index Terms
Biology
Physics
Radar
Randall, Sir John Turton (1905-1984) Knight, biophysicist
Churchill/RNDL contains:
1 Physics research.
2 Biophysics research.
3 Articles and lectures.
4 Personal papers.

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