PERCY JAMES GRIGG
16 Dec 1890 Born at Exmouth, son of F.A.Grigg, a carpenter
Jan 1903 Scholarship to Bournemouth School
Dec 1908 Scholarship to St John's College
1912 BA - Mathematical Tripos
Aug 1913 First in Civil Service examination
Oct 1913 Entered the Treasury, Fourth Division
1915-1918 Royal Garrison Artillery
30 July 1919 Married Gertrude Charlotte Hough
1921 Principal Private Secretary to Chancellor of the Exchequer (to 1930)
1930 Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise
1930 Chairman, Board of Inland Revenue
1 Jan 1932 KCB
31 Jan 1934 Finance Member, Government of India
5 Feb 1936 KCSI
Oct 1939 Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War
22 Feb 1942 Secretary of State for War (to 26 July 1945)
23 Feb 1942 PC
1942 MP for East Cardiff (to July 1945)
1943 Hon. Fellow of St John's College
1946 Hon. LL.D (Bristol)
1946 Executive Director, International Bank for Reconstruction and development (to 1947)
1947 Director, Imperial Tobacco Company
1948 Director, Prudential Assurance Company
1949 Director, National Provincial Bank
1950 Director, Distillers Company
21 Jan 1954 Hon. Bencher, Middle Temple
1961 Chairman, Bass, Mitchells and Butlers
5 May 1964 Died
Publications: P.J.Grigg, Prejudice and Judgment (1948)
The collection includes personal documents and honours (PJGG 1); general correspondence (PJGG 2 and 12); material relating to India including finance papers (PJGG 3), political papers (federation and defence) (PJGG 4), miscellaneous reports (PJGG 5), War Office papers about India (PJGG 8); Lady Grigg's correspondence (PJGG 6 and 7); War Office correspondence (PJGG 9); Committee papers (PJGG 10); literary material (PJGG 13-15).
Perhaps the most interesting papers are those concerned with India (sections 2-8), which include those acquired during Sir James's appointment as Finance Member of the Viceroy's Council (1934-1939) and questions about India that arose when he was Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War (1939-1942). An interesting background for the earlier period is provided by Lady Grigg's letters to Dr Thomas Jones (section 7).
Unhappily, little survives from Sir James's time as Secretary of State for War (1942-1945) except some general correspondence. A notable exception is his lively correspondence with Field-Marshal Bernard Montgomery (sections PJGG 9/8, PJGG 9/9), with whom he was on the best of terms.
During Grigg's term as Finance Member of the Viceroy's Council, the Viceroy was known constitutionally as Viceroy, Governor-General, and Crown Representative. The designation that appears on the document has been retained.
In 1970, after the death of Lady Grigg, the beneficiaries under Sir James Grigg's will agreed to deposit his papers at Churchill College. They reached the College in June 1971.
Before his death, in 1964, Sir James had looked through the papers, presumably destroying ephemera. After his death the papers were examined by the Ministry of Defence, but official items were not removed. In January 1971 some papers relating to Sir James's post-war interests were added.