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Churchill contains:
<-- See earlier
MADD Papers Relating to the Tube Alloys Project
MALK The Papers of Sir William and Margaret Malkin
MALT The Papers of Sir Victor Mallet
MANP The Memoirs of Admiral Sir Manley Power
MARB The Papers of the 7th Duke of Marlborough
MART The Papers of Sir John Martin
MCHL The Papers of Lady Soames
MCKN The Papers of Reginald McKenna
MCLN The Papers of Rear-Admiral Iain Maclean
MCRA The Papers of Colonel R S Macrae
MELL The Papers of Captain David B N Mellis RN
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The Papers of Sir John Martin

Title The Papers of Sir John Martin
Reference GBR/0014/MART
Creator Martin, John Miller, 1904-1991
Covering Dates 1939–1990
Extent and Medium 2 boxes; paper
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

John Miller Martin was born on 15 October 1904, son of Reverend John Martin. In 1943 he married Rosalind Julia Ross and they had one son. Martin was educated at the Edinburgh Academy, then Corpus Christie College, Oxford.

In 1927 Martin entered the Civil Service (Dominions Office) and was seconded to the Malayan Civil Service from 1931-1934. He became Secretary of the Palestine Royal Commission (chaired by Lord Peel) in 1936 and produced a report recommending that a solution be found for the disputes between the Arabs and the Jews by a partition of Palestine.

Martin was Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, from 1940-1945 (serving as Principal Private Secretary from 1941). As his Private Secretary, Martin travelled with Churchill on the significant journeys he made during the Second World War, to Washington, Cairo and Moscow. He was present at almost every summit meeting from the Atlantic Charter meeting in 1941 to Casablanca, Quebec, Teheran, Cairo and Yalta. From 1945-1956, Martin was Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Colonial Office, becoming Deputy Under-Secretary of State in 1956 (to 1965). From 1965-1967 Martin was British High Commissioner in Malta. He died on 31 March 1991.

The 2 boxes of material held at Churchill Archives Centre relate to Martin's service with Churchill. The papers shed light on Churchill's wartime travels and also include information about issues including the bombing raid on Coventry, Churchill's access to intelligence information obtained from the ULTRA decrypts, and the allegations made by Churchill's former medical doctor, Lord Moran.

Files MART 3-MART 9 comprise material that was deposited at Churchill Archives Centre by Mr David Martin in 1992.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

One file within the collection is closed to researchers.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Sir John Martin, MART

Further information

Martin also recorded an oral history interview, at GBR/0014/CHOH 1.

The collection has been catalogued. Mr Martin arranged and prepared a detailed listing of these papers (MART 3-MART 9) prior to their deposit at Churchill Archives Centre. David Martin's order and descriptive information has been preserved and researchers should use the detailed catalogue (available at Churchill Archives Centre) to locate items of interest before ordering the relevant file.

This collection level description was prepared by Natalie Adams in October 2001 using information from Who Was Who 1897-1996 (A and C Black) and Martin's obituary in the Daily Telegraph.

Index Terms
Martin, Sir John Miller (1904-1991) Knight, private secretary to Sir Winston Churchill
Churchill/MART contains:
1 Typescript extracts from Martin's diary while Private Secretary to Prime Minister and letters to his family.
1 file; paper.
May 1940-April 1943
2 Typescript extracts from Martin's diary and letters to his wife.
1 file; paper.
May 1943-June 1945
3 Material relating to the outbreak of World War II, Martin's travels with Churchill to Placentia Bay (1941), Iceland (Aug 1941), Washington and Canada (Dec 1941).
1 file; paper.
3 Sep 1939–31 Dec 1941
4 Material relating to Churchill's return from Washington, (Jan 1942) and the retirement of Sir Horace Wilson.
2 Jan 1942–25 Dec 1942
5 Churchill's diary for Jan 1943, material relating to Churchill's travels to Marrakech, Casablanca, and to Harvard University (Sep 1943).
1 file; paper.
1 Jan 1943–30 Sep 1943
6 Material relating to Martin's salary and the Civil Service (including satirical poems), Churchill's travels to Malta (and a map summarising his wartime journeys), Clementine Churchill's visit to Russia, and Martin ceasing to be Churchill's Secretary.
1 file; paper.
8 Aug 1944–2 Jul 1945
7 Correspondence between Churchill and Martin, material relating to Churchill's funeral, notes on 1st Lord Moran's book about Churchill and on various queries about Churchill (and working for him) answered by Martin.
1 file; paper.
11 Feb 1948–13 Oct 1975
8 Material and correspondence with authors and historians about Churchill on subjects including: the bombing of Coventry and information supplied to Churchill, Desmond Morton's role in the transmission of ULTRA information to Churchill and opinions of staff.
1 file; paper.
22 June 1976–18 August 1979
9 Correspondence with authors and historians writing about Churchill including Sir John Colville, Martin Gilbert, Ronald Lewin and David Irving. Subjects covered include: the bombing of Dresden, Churchill's drinking, use of poison gas, Lord Moran, and Churchill's use of the Cabinet War Rooms. Also includes newspaper cuttings of book reviews about Churchill.
1 Jan 1980–30 Jan 1990

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