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Churchill contains:
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KNAT The Papers of Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen
KNDL The Papers of Professor David Kendall
KNDT The Papers of Felix Deutsch
KNNK The Papers of Neil Kinnock
KNNK AS Kinnock Associated Papers
KPZA Papers of Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza
LABA The Papers of Lansing Bagnall Limited
LASC The Papers of Sir Frank Lascelles
LASL The Papers of Sir Alan Lascelles
LASL AS Associated Papers of Sir Alan Lascelles
LDBA The Papers of Baron Baker of Windrush
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Papers of Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza

Title Papers of Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza
Reference GBR/0014/KPZA
Creator Kapitza, Piotr Leonidovich, 1894-1984, scientist
Covering Dates 1900–1994
Extent and Medium 17 files
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Kapitza was born in Kronstadt, Russia, 26 June 1894. He married Nadejda Tschernosvitoff and after she died he married Anna Kryloff, in 1927, and they had two sons.

Kapitza was a Lecturer at Petrograd Politechnical Institute, 1919-1921. He was at Cambridge University, 1923-1926 and was a Fellow of Trinity College. He was Assistant Director of Magnetic Research at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, 1924-1932. Kapitza worked with Rutherford until 1935 when he to Russia on holiday and permission to return to England was refused and he was made Director of a new Institute for Physical Problems of the Academy of Sciences. He played an important role in the Sputnik satellite programme from 1955 onwards Kapitza was awarded numerous medals and prizes for his work including the Nobel Prize for his contribution to low temperature physics (jointly) in 1978 and the Order of Lenin, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1964, 1971, 1974.

Kapitza's publications include "Collected Papers", in 3 volumes, 1964-1967; "Experiment, Theory, Practice", 1980 and various publications on physics, mainly on magnetism, cryogenics and high temperature plasma in scientific journals.

Kapitza died 8 April 1984.

The material was mainly collected by Professor David Schoenberg while he was writing the Royal Society Memoir of Kapitza in 1985. Régis Brun provided additional correspondence to, from and about Kapitza in 2007. This is a small collection of papers, pamphlets, letters and extracts from published sources relating to Kapitza. It includes xerox copies.

16 - This bulk of the collection was given to Churchill Archives Centre by Professor David Shoenberg, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge in 1992. The contents of KPZA 8 were deposited by Dr Peter Squire. KPZA 9 was passed to Churchill Archives Centre by the Master of Churchill College in 1977.

The papers in KPZA 1-7 and 10-16 were left in the order in which Schoenberg had kept them.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, Papers of Piotr Leonidovich Kapitza, KPZA

Further information

Material relating to Kapitza can be found in the Cockcroft Papers (ref. GBR/014/CKFT 7) and the Dirac Papers (ref. GBR/014/DIRC) held at Churchill Archives Centre. The Library of the Royal Society holds the majority of Kapitza's writings.

A copy of this finding aid is available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, at the National Register of Archives, London, and on the Janus website, http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/.

This file level description was prepared by Louise King of Churchill Archives Centre in August 2004. Biographical information was obtained from Who's Who 1897-1996 (A&C Black) and from the original list of the papers.

The originals of the xeroxes are held in the Rutherford Archives at the University Library of Cambridge, the Russian Archives at the University Library of Leeds and in the Niel Bohr Institute.

Index Terms
Kapitza, Piotr Leonidovich (1894-1984) physicist
Rutherford, Ernest (1871-1937) Baron Rutherford of Nelson, physicist
Churchill/KPZA contains:
1 Letters Between Kaptiza and Colleagues. A file of letters (xerox copies) between Kapitza and Rutherford, Niels Bohr, Max Born, Paul Dirac, F. F. Thomson, Mezhlauk and G. Lomonosoff amongst others.
1 file.
2 Letters to Professor David Shoenberg. These are letters containing reminiscences about Kapitza.
1 file.
3 First Draft of Professor David Shoenberg's Royal Society Memoir of Kapitza. This is a xerox.
1 file.
4 Secondary Material (English) Collected by Schoenberg. This includes xeroxes of articles about Kaptiza and his work; xeroxes of papers held in institutions other than Churchill Archives Centre; and Schoenberg's articles.
1 file.
4a Secondary Material (Russian) Collected by Schoenberg. This includes xeroxes of articles about Kaptiza and his work.
1 file.
4b Secondary Material (German) Collected by Schoenberg. This contains articles about Kaptiza and his work.
1 file.
5 "Experiment, Theory, Practice: Articles and Addresses by P. L. Kapitza". This is a copy of volume 46 published by Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
1 volume.
6 Letters from Kapitza to his Mother. This file contains typed xeroxes of letters from the Kola peninsula (1913), Glasgow (1914) and the Eastern Front (1915), a reprint of Kapitza's letters to his mother, 1921-1927 (1988). Also xeroxes of an offprint of a Russian article.
1 file.
7 Kapitza's Cambridge Lectures on Research into Magnetism. Notes taken by David Shoenberg, Lent Term 1932.
1 file.
8 Articles about Rutherford by Kapitza. This file contains four articles by Kapitza about Rutherford: a booklet in Russian (1937) and three versions of a Royal Society Address (1966). There are a draft as well as a printed English version and a printed Russian version of the Royal Society Address.
1 file.
9 Invitations and Acceptance Letter. This file contains an letter of acceptance of his honorary fellowship from Kapitza to the Master of Churchill College, Sir William Hawthorne (16 December 1976). There are also invitations to the opening of the Mond Laboratory (1933), anniversaries and conferences. There is an attendance list for the 168th meeting of the Kapitza Club. Attendees included Kapitza, Walton, Bernal, Dirac and Born.
1 file.
3 Feb 1933–16 Dec 1976
10 Letters from Kapitza to his Wife Anna. These letters (xeroxes) are in Russian.
1 file.
11 Photographs. This file contains photographs of Kaptiza's work; family; colleagues and friends; portraits of Kapitza; Kapitza as an ambulance driver in 1915. A number of them include captions, by Schoenberg, that accompanied the pictures in an exhibition. These are mostly reprints.
1 file.
12 The Opening of the Mond Laboratory. This file contains press cuttings and articles relating to the opening.
1 file.
13 The Non-Return of Kapitza from Russia. This file contains press cuttings and articles.
1 file.
14 Obituaries and Memoirs of Kapitza.
1 file.
15 Souvenirs of Kaptiza Centenary. This file contains programmes and menus.
1 file.
21 Jun 1994–8 Jul 1994
16 Book Reviews. This file contains reviews of "Experiment, Theory, Practice: Articles and Addresses of P. L. Kapitza" (1980) and "Kaptiza, Rutherford and the Kremlin" (L. Badash, 1985).
1 file.
17 Correspondence with Dr. William L. Webster, also including several letters to/from other people. Correspondence includes: William Webster to Kapitza, 1922-37, 1969-71 (22 letters); Kapitza to William Webster, 1933-37 (4 letters); Kapitza to Prof. Rutherford, 1928 (1 letter); John C. Webster to Kapitza, 1933-34 (2 letters); William Webster to Prof. Rutherford, 1936 (1 letter); Anna Kapitza to Prof. Rutherford, 1936 (1 letter); Prof. E.D. Adrian to Prof. Rutherford, 1936 (1 letter); Anna Kapitza to Régis Brun, 1989-90 (2 letters); P. Rubinin to Régis Brun, 1991 (1 letter); obituary for Kapitza from the Moncton Times, 11/03/1975.
1 file; paper.

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