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Churchill contains:
<-- See earlier
HYND The Papers of John Burns Hynd (1902-1971)
IGMS The Papers of Harold Ingrams
ILLD The Papers of Sir Ian Lloyd
INKP The Diaries of 1st Lord Caldecote
IVRM Photographs taken by Lieutenant R W A Ivermee, RAF
JACB The Papers of Sir Ian Jacob
JAKN The Papers of Sir Geoffrey Jackson
JCPS The Papers of John Cowper Powys
JEHR The Papers of Vice-Admiral John Harper
JENK The Papers of Lord Jenkin of Roding
JNES The Papers of Sydney Jones
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The Papers of Sir Ian Jacob

Title The Papers of Sir Ian Jacob
Reference GBR/0014/JACB
Creator Jacob, Sir Edward Ian Claud, 1899-1993, Knight, Lieutenant-General
Covering Dates 1899–1993
Extent and Medium 50 boxes
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Ian Jacob was born in Quetta, Pakistan on 27 September 1899 the son of Field Marshal Sir Claud Jacob and Clara Wyatt. In 1924 he married Cecil Bisset Treherne (died 1991) and they had two sons. He was knighted in 1960 and was also a Honorary Lieutenant-General.

He joined the Royal Engineers in 1918 and was made Lieutenant-Colonel in 1939. He was Military Assistant Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, 1938 and Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet, 1939-46. In 1940 he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel but his application to return to regimental duty was denied in the national interest. In 1941 he accompanied Winston Churchill to two meetings with President Roosevelt - the Atlantic meetings aboard HMS Prince of Wales in August and aboard HMS Duke of York in December. In 1942 he accompanied Churchill on tours of the Middle East and Turkey, Cyprus & Tripoli, he also organised the Churchill/Roosevelt talks in Casablanca. In 1943 he accompanied Churchill to the Second Washington Conference and to the First Quebec Conference as well as to the Italian Front & to Moscow. In 1945 he attended the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. He also accompanied Prime Minister Attlee to the USA and Canada and the Foreign Secretary Bevin to Moscow. He was the British Military Adviser at the United Nations Conference in San Francisco. In 1946 he attended the War Crimes Trial at Nuremberg and was Military Adviser to the Stansgate Commission in Cairo. He retired from the army and was made an Honorary Major General.

He became Controller of European Services at the BBC in 1946, then BBC Director of Overseas Services in 1947 (he was on leave of absence during 1952) and was Director-General of the BBC, 1952-1960. During 1952 he was Chief Staff Officer to the Minister of Defence and Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet. He was a Trustee of the Imperial War Museum, 1966-1973. He was a Suffolk County Councillor in 1960-70 and 1974-77, a JP in Suffolk, 1961-1969, and was Deputy Lieutenant of Suffolk, 1964-1984.

Jacob died on 24 April 1993.

The papers cover Jacob's adult life from his early army career, his work as Assistant Military Secretary to the War Cabinet and as Director General of the BBC, to his retirement where he remained active in many important public services. Also included are some Boer War papers which were kept by Jacob's father-in-law.

The first 10 series of papers were deposited at Churchill Archives Centre by Jacob's son Commander John Jacob in 1993. He also deposited the additional papers in 1994. A few items were purchased by Churchill College and supporters in 1995.

Individual files have been left as they were deposited. This means that there is some overlap between files and between sections.

This collection is owned by Churchill College.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Sir Ian Jacob, JACB

Further information

"From Churchill's Secret Circle to the BBC" by Sir Charles Richardson (pub. 1991) makes use of the material in this collection, particularly the diaries (ref. JACB 1 and JACB II 5).

The personal and official papers of Sir Winston Churchill are also held at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge. The catalogue to the Churchill Papers is available online at: www.chu.cam.ac.uk/archives. Jacob also recorded an oral history interview, at GBR/0014/CHOH 3.

This catalogue is available at Churchill Archives Centre, at The Historical Manuscripts Commission and on the Janus website: http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk.

This collection (fonds) level description and catalogue was prepared by Louise King of Churchill Archives Centre in May 2003 using an earlier printed catalogue (of JACB 1-10) by Moira MacKay. Biographical information was obtained from Who Was Who 1897-1996 (A&C Black) and from the earlier catalogue.

Index Terms
Broadcasting
Defence
Oral History
Second World War (1939-1945)
Travel
Jacob, Sir Edward Ian Claud (1899-1993) Knight, Lieutenant-General
Churchill/JACB contains:
1 Private diaries and notebooks.
40 files.
1917–1982
2 BBC and broadcasting.
14 files.
1948–1976
3 Defence policy.
9 files.
1946–1989
4 Churchill and the Second World War.
29 files.
1949–1990
5 Jacob biographical information.
11 files.
1955–1983
6 Staff College notes.
4 files.
1922–1933
7 Royal Commission on the police.
4 files.
1959–1978
8 Literary activities.
9 files.
1946–1979
9 Other interests.
6 files.
1957–1990
10 Audio cassettes.
10 files.
1976–1987
II Additional Jacob papers.
22 boxes.
1899–1993

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