Ian Stewart Lloyd was born in Durban, South Africa on 30th May 1921. He was educated there at Michaelhouse school and the University of the Witwatersand. He fought during the Second World War, working initially as an instructor, but then flying Spitfires with 7 Squadron, SAAF.
After the war he returned to England to study Economics at King's College, Cambridge where he was one of the last students to be supervised by John Maynard Keynes. He served as President of the Cambridge Union and led the Cambridge Union debating tour of the USA. He took an MSc in 1952 and studied at the Administrative College at Henley.
Lloyd worked as an Economic Adviser to the Central Mining and Investment Corporation 1949-52; Director of Research, British and Commonwealth Shipping 1956-64 and remained their Economic Adviser 1956-83.
He returned to South Africa, where he joined the Torch Commando protest group of Second World War veterans and the United Party. In 1951 he married Frances Addison with whom he had three sons. He became a civil servant, serving as economic adviser at the Central Mining and Investment Corporation, part of the South African Board of Trade and Industries. He resigned and permanently left South Africa in 1955, motivated by his intense dislike of apartheid.
Lloyd came to politics through chairing the Conservative Political Education Committee in East Hertfordshire and was selected for the safe Conservative seat of Portsmouth Langstone in March 1962. He served as a Conservative MP for Portsmouth Langstone 1964-74. However, dissatisfaction with him as an MP culminated with a 13-8 vote by his constituency executive in 1971 against re-adopting him for the newly-named Havant seat. A 16-month battle for selection followed and Lloyd eventually defeated his challenger, Janet Fookes, by 480 votes to 336. He went on to serve as MP for Havant and Waterloo 1974-83 and Havant 1983-92.
Lloyd worked as a secretary to the Conservative backbench shipping subcommittee, 1965-72, and chaired the Shipping and Shipbuilding Committee, 1974-77. In 1970 he unsuccessfully challenged Edward du Cann for the chairmanship of the 1922 Committee. He served on the Council of Europe and on the parliamentary assembly of the Western European Union, 1968-72. He chaired the All-Party Committee on Information Technology from 1979 to 1987 and the Select Committee on Energy from 1979 to 1989, leading the UK delegation to the OECD Conference on Energy in 1981. He drove the establishment of the Parliamentary Information Technology Committee (Pitcom), and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). He stood down from Parliament in 1992.
In addition to his other activities, he was the author of a history of Rolls-Royce from 1906 until 1945 (3 vols, 1978) and contributed to various journals on economics, politics and information technology.
In retirement, he was a member of the council of Save British Science and the Science Policy Support Group. He was knighted in 1986 and died in Chichester, West Sussex on 26 September 2006.
Papers relating to Sir Ian Lloyd's personal life, career, work for Parliamentary Science and Technology Committees, speeches, articles and press cuttings.
The papers were given to Churchill Archives Centre by Lady Frances Lloyd in November 2006.
The papers are arranged in a combination of specific subject files and chronological order, based on ISL's own arrangement.