Quintin Hogg was born in London, 9 October 1907, the son of Douglas McGarel Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham, and Elizabeth Marjoribanks (née Brown). He was educated at Eton, 1920-6, and Christ Church, Oxford, 1926-30. He was President of the Oxford Union, 1929. He married Natalie Sullivan in 1932 (divorced 1943); Mary Evelyn Martin in 1944 (died 1978), with whom he had two sons and three daughters; and Deirdre Shannon in 1986 (died 1998).
He was a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1931-8, and was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn, 1932. He was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oxford City, 1938-50. He joined the Rifle Brigade, 1939, and served in the Western Desert, where he was wounded, 1941, and in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria, 1941-2. He returned to politics, 1943, and became Under-Secretary for Air, 1945.
He succeeded to his father's peerage, as 2nd Viscount Hailsham, 1950. He became a Queen's Council, 1953, and a bencher of Lincoln's Inn, 1956. He was First Lord of the Admiralty, 1956-7; Minister of Education, 1957; Lord President of the Council, 1957-9 and 1960-4; Chairman of the Conservative Party, 1957-9; Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, 1957-60; Lord Privy Seal, 1959-60; Minister for Science and Technology, 1959-64; Leader of the House of Lords, 1960-3; Minister with special responsibility for Sport, 1962-4; Minister with special responsibility for unemployment in the North-East, 1963-4; and Minister with special responsibility for Higher Education, 1963-4. He represented the government at negotiations of a nuclear test ban treaty in Moscow, 1963.
He disclaimed his peerage for life, 1963, and was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for St Marylebone, 1963-70. He made an unsuccessful bid for the premiership after Harold Macmillan announced his retirement due to ill health, 1963. He was Secretary of State for Education and Science, April-October 1964. In Opposition, he advised on industrial relations and was spokesman on Home Affairs, 1966-70. He was Lord Chancellor, 1970-4 and 1979-87.
He was created a life peer, as Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, 1970; a Companion of Honour, 1974; and a Knight of the Garter, 1988. He was a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1961-2001; Rector of Glasgow University, 1959-62; and Chancellor of Buckingham University, 1983-92.
He died on 12 October 2001.
His publications include: 'The Law of Arbitration' (1935); 'One Year's Work' (1944); 'The Law and Employers' Liability' (1944); 'The Times We Live In' (1944); 'Making Peace' (1945); 'The Left was Never Right' (1945); 'The Purpose of Parliament' (1946); 'The Case for Conservatism' (1947); 'The Law of Monopolies, Restrictive Practices and Resale Price Maintenance' (1956); 'The Conservative Case' (1959); 'Interdependence' (1961); 'Science and Politics' (1963); 'The Devil's Own Song' (1968); 'The Door Wherein I Went' (1975); 'Elective Dictatorship' (1976); 'The Dilemma of Democracy' (1978); 'Hamlyn Revisited: the British legal system' (1983); 'A Sparrow's Flight' (1990); 'On the Constitution' (1992); and 'Values: collapse and cure' (1994). He was editor of 'Halsbury's Laws of England', 4th edition, from 1972.
Papers comprising diaries; correspondence; family and personal papers; manuscripts of books, articles, speeches and broadcasts; press cuttings and photographs.
The papers were given to Churchill Archives Centre by Lord Hailsham, 1977, 1979 and 1990, and by his son-in-law, Richard Hoare, on behalf of Lord Hailsham's executors, 2002.
The papers are partially open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.
The first releases of papers from the collection comprise diaries, political correspondence, press cuttings albums, personal correspondence and household papers. There are some closures, which are marked in the catalogue. The remainder of the collection remains closed until catalogued.
Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.
Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Lord Hailsham, HLSM
Churchill Archives Centre also holds the papers of Douglas McGarel Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham, (reference: GBR/0014/HAIL).
Lord Hailsham recorded an interview for the Churchill Oral History Project (reference: GBR/0014/CHOH 3).
A catalogue of the diaries and political correspondence is available for consultation at the National Register of Archives, London, Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge and on the Janus website http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk.
This collection level description was prepared by Sophie Bridges at Churchill Archives Centre, January 2004. The diaries and political correspondence were catalogued by Sophie Bridges, with assistance from Sandra Marsh and Elizabeth Wells, in March 2008; the personal correspondence, August 2009; and speeches and political papers, September 2011. Biographical information was obtained from 'Who Was Who 1897-1996', Lord Hailsham's obituary in The Times, 15 October 2001, and Geoffrey Lewis, 'Lord Hailsham. A Life' (1997). Cataloguing work is continuing on the Hailsham papers, please contact the Archives Centre for further advice.