James Headlam was born 24 December 1863, the 2nd son of the Reverend Canon Headlam, of Whorlton Hall, Barnard Castle. He was educated at Eton College, then King's College, Cambridge and the University of Berlin [Germany]. In 1893 he married Else, youngest daughter of Dr A. Sonntag of Lüneburg; they had one son and one daughter, Agnes. In 1918 Headlam received royal licence to assume the name and arms of Morley, and became James Headlam-Morley.
Headlam-Morley's career began as an academic, as a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge (1890-1896), also lecturing for the Cambridge University Extension and holding the position of Professor of Greek and Ancient History at Queen's College, London (1894-1900). He was also an honorary assistant commissioner to the Royal Commission on Secondary Education, Staff Inspector of Secondary Schools for the Board of Education (1902-1920) and a Member of the Prime Minister's Committee on Modern Languages (1917-1918). During the First World War he worked in the Propaganda Department (1914-1917), before becoming Assistant Director of the Political Intelligence Bureau in the Department of Information, (1917-1918). At the end of the war Headlam-Morley continued his political work as Assistant Director of the Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office (1918-1920) and was a Member of the Political Section of the British Delegation to the Peace Conference at Paris [France] in 1919, before becoming Historical Adviser to the Foreign Office (1920). He was awarded the CBE in 1920, and was knighted in 1929. He died on 6 September 1929.
His publications include: On Election by Lot at Athens; Life of Bismarck; Studies in Diplomatic History, (1930); on Classical Studies in Germany (Special Reports issued by the Board of Education); articles on Austria-Hungary, Germany, etc., in 10th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica; The History of Twelve Days; The German Chancellor and the Outbreak of War; The Issue; and numerous other pamphlets; British Documents on the Origins of the War: Volume xi., The Outbreak of War (editor), etc.
Agnes Headlam-Morley was born 10 December 1902, and was educated at Wimbledon High School (Girls Public Day School Trust) and Somerville College, Oxford.
She became a Fellow and Tutor of St Hugh's College, Oxford, in 1932, and was adopted as a prospective Conservative Candidate for the Barnard Castle Division of Durham, in 1936. She was an honorary fellow of Somerville College, Oxford, (1948) and St Hugh's College, Oxford, (1970), and a Member of St Antony's College and also of the Academic Council, Wilton Park. She was a founder member of the Anglo-German Association, and was received into the Roman Catholic Church in 1948. Agnes Headlam-Morley died on 21 February 1986.
Her publications include: The New Democratic Constitutions of Europe, (1929); Editor (with K. Headlam-Morley) of Studies in Diplomatic History by her father, Sir James Headlam-Morley, (1930); Arthur Cayley Headlam (a memoir published in The Fourth Gospel as History by A. C. Headlam, 1948); Last Days, 1960; edited A Memoir of the Peace Conference of Paris 1919 by Sir James Headlam-Morley (1972); an essay on Gustav Stresemann in The History Makers, edited by Sir John Wheeler-Bennett and Lord Longford (1973); a contribution to the Longford Report on Pornography (1976); articles and reviews in Trivium and History Today.
Sir James Headlam-Morley's papers include: a large amount of correspondence with members of the Foreign Office and Political Intelligence Department, and political files from the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919; papers from his inspection of secondary schools work for the Board of Education; a run of correspondence from 1914 until his death in 1929; papers from his work as Historical Adviser to the Foreign Office; texts and prints of his academic and political articles and lectures; some personal papers.
Agnes Headlam-Morley's papers consist of her academic notes and drafts on various European subjects, and correspondence (1954-73).
These papers have been deposited at Churchill Archives Centre in 6 different accessions between 1986 and 1997 by Agnes Headlam-Morley and Lorna Headlam-Morley (Sir James's daughter-in-law).
The papers are owned by Churchill College.