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Churchill contains:
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FRKN The Papers of Rosalind Franklin
FROB The Papers of Air Commodore Francis Banks
FRWS The Papers of Lord Francis-Williams
FWCT The Papers of Commander Harold Fawcett
FWLE The Journal of Major H. A. Fowle
GARD The Papers of Lord Gardiner
GDFR The Papers of Captain Godfrey Alexander French
GDFY The Papers of Admiral John Henry Godfrey
GEDD The Papers of Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes
GILC The Papers of Sir Andrew Graham Gilchrist
GLAD The Papers of 1st Lord Gladwyn
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The Papers of Lord Gardiner

Title The Papers of Lord Gardiner
Reference GBR/0014/GARD
Creator Gardiner, Gerald Austin, 1900-1990, Baron Gardiner of Kittisford, Lord Chancellor
Covering Dates 1922–1988
Extent and Medium 20 archive boxes; paper
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Lord Gardiner was born 30 May 1900, the son of Sir Robert Gardiner. In 1925 he married Lesly Trounson (died 1966) they had one daughter. In 1970 he married Mrs Muriel Box. Lord Gardiner died 7 January 1990.

Lord Gardiner joined the Coldstream Guards in 1918. He was called to the Bar in 1925 and was made King's Counsel in 1948. He served in the Friends Ambulance Unit, 1943-45. Lord Gardiner played an active role in various reform movements and held numerous professional positions. He was a member of the Committee on Supreme Court Practice and Procedure, 1947-53, and a member of the Lord Chancellor's Law Reform Committee, 1952-63. He was a Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple in 1955, Chairman of the General Council of the Bar in 1958 and 1959. He was a member of the International Commission of Jurists in 1971– He was Joint Chairman of the National Campaign for Abolition of Capital Punishment. He was an Alderman of London County Council, 1961-63. Lord Gardiner was created a life peer in 1963 and was Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, 1964-70.

His publications included "Capital Punishment as a Deterrent" (pub. 1956; joint editor) and "Law Reform Now" (pub. 1963).

This collection reflects Lord Gardiner's involvement and interest in law reform and the justice system. There are many Law Commission reports as well as other printed papers. There is correspondence about rehabilitation of offenders, laws and acts, as well as source material for reports. The texts of a number of articles and speeches given by Lord Gardiner are here, including those during his time as Lord Chancellor. Official and press photographs are also included.

Lord Gardiner's papers were deposited at Churchill Archives Centre, in 1990 and 1996, by his wife Lady Gardiner and his daughter.

This collection is owned by Churchill College, Cambridge.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holder and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Lord Gardiner, GARD

Further information

"Rebel advocate: a biography of Gerald Gardiner" by Muriel Box (Lady Gardiner) published by Gollancz, 1983. There is a copy in box 9.

In the British Library Manuscripts Collection:

Gardiner's correspondence and papers relating to campaign for the abolition of capital punishment 1964-70, Reference : Add MSS 56455-63.

This collection has been box listed. This list is available at Churchill Archives Centre.

This collection (fonds) level description and catalogue was prepared by Louise King of Churchill Archives Centre in January 2003. Information was obtained from Lord Gardiner's entry in Who Was Who (A&C Black) and from the papers themselves.

Index Terms
Crime
Ireland
Law Reform
Legal Procedure
Legal Systems
Legislation
Gardiner, Gerald Austin (1900-1990) Baron Gardiner of Kittisford, Lord Chancellor
Churchill/GARD contains:
1-2 "Justice" Correspondence and Papers.
2 archive boxes.
1975–1987
3 Law Reform and Magistrates Association. Papers on Law reform (1975-1986) and texts of Lord Gardiner's speeches to the Magistrates Association (1964-1968).
1 archive box.
1964–1986
4 Law Commission Reports (printed papers).
1 archive box.
1965–1986
5 Law Commission Reports (printed papers). Law Commission Reports (1965-1970, 1986-1987) and International Commission of Jurists Review (printed, 1984-1987).
1 archive box.
1965–1987
6-8 Law Commission Reports (printed papers).
3 archive boxes.
1969–1985
9 Biography "Rebel Advocate" and Correspondence. "Rebel Advocate" by Muriel Box (Lady Gardiner) and correspondence, mainly public and political.
1 archive box.
1983
10 Correspondence, Mainly Public and Political.
1 archive box.
1982
11 Correspondence, Mainly Public and Political.
1 archive box.
1985
12 Texts of Lectures and Speeches by Lord Gardiner. Also correspondence and papers on human rights in Argentina.
1 archive box.
1980–1981
13 Papers on Northern Ireland, Rehabilitation of Offcenders, Statute Law, Freedom of Information. Papers on Northern Ireland (1981), the Rehabilitation of Offcenders Act (1974-1976), the Renton Committee on Statute Law (1973), privacy and freedom of information (1975-1978).
1 archive box.
1973–1981
14 Miscarriages of Justice and Legislative Drafting. Papers on wrongful imprisonment and miscarriages of justice (1982), correspondence and papers on legislative drafting (1977), offprints of speeches and articles by Lord Gardiner.
1 archive box.
1977–1982
15 A. Holden Wood, Jointly Sponsored Conference and Uganda. Correspondence with and about A. Holden Wood on his legal difficulties (1978-1980); Correspondence and papers on Northern Ireland, 1980-1981, particularly the Jointly Sponsored Conference on the Administration of Justice in Northern Ireland, chaired by Lord Gardiner (1981); correspondence and papers on human rights violations in Uganda (1982).
1 archive box.
1978–1982
16-17 Notes and papers on Law Reform. Subjects covered include: Civil Justice Review; Official Secrets Act; Freedom of Information; Computers and privacy; penal reform; the prosecution process.
2 archive boxes.
1968–1988
18 "Justice" Council and Committee Papers.
1 archive box.
1983–1984
19 Honours, Engagements and Speeches. Correspondence on Lord Gardiner's honours and appointments (1963-1964); typescripts of Lord Gardiner's speeches as Lord Chancellor (1965-1970, 1966-1970); lists of Lord Gardiner's official engagements, including speeches, as Lord Chancellor (1964-1970); press cuttings on Lord Gardiner, including from the Australian press (1964-1980); speeches and interviews with Lord Gardiner "Before and after being Lord Chancellor", including the report of the Commission of Enquiry into events in Bizerta, Tunisia (July 1961) (1922-1981, mainly 1961-1981).
1 archive box.
1922–1981
20 Articles, Correspondence and Photographs. Legal journals and magazines with articles by or about Lord Gardiner (1963-1974); correspondence, mainly with Jonathan Cape Ltd and Stanley Adams on Lord Gardiner's introduction to Adams' "Roche versus Adams" (1983-1984); official and press photographs of Lord Gardiner (c1964-1974).
1 archive box.
1963–1984

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