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Churchill contains:
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DUPO Biographical material collected by Donald McLachlan relating to Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound
EADE The Papers of Charles Eade
EAST The papers of Sir Eric Eastwood
EDSN The Papers of Vice-Admiral Sir John Edelsten
EDVS The Papers of Evan Davies
EGBN The Papers of Edward George Bowen
ELLS The Papers of Captain Robert Ellis
ELMT The Papers of Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst
EMAR The Papers of Sir Edward Marsh
ENZG The Papers of Paul Einzig
ERLE The Papers of Thomas Erle
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The Papers of Edward George Bowen

Title The Papers of Edward George Bowen
Reference GBR/0014/EGBN
Creator Bowen, Edward George, 1911-1991, radiophysicist
Covering Dates 1931–1985
Extent and Medium 11 archive boxes
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Bowen was born in Cockett, near Swansea in 1911 and educated at the University of Wales (Swansea) and King's College, London, where he completed his doctorate under Professor Edward V. Appleton. As part of his doctoral research, Bowen spent much of 1933 and 1934 working with a cathode-ray direction finder at the Radio Research Station at Slough and it was there that he was noticed by Robert Watson-Watt. In 1935 Bowen was recruited by Watson-Watt as a Junior Scientific Officer in his Radar Development Team.

Towards the end of 1935 Watson-Watt's team moved to the Air Ministry Research Station, Bawdsey Manor. Bowen, at his own request, was assigned to tackle the highly speculative - and at that time unique - venture of putting radar in an aircraft.

In August 1940 Bowen left the UK as one of seven members of a Mission, led by Sir Henry Tizard, to disclose recent British technical advances to the USA and Canada. Bowen's job was to tell them all about British radar. He took with him not only information on all existing and projected equipment, but also an early sample of the cavity magnetron, the essential and highly secret key to the development of centimetre-wave radar that had just been invented.

Bowen served at the British Air Commission, Washington, until 1942, and then at the Radiation Laboratory, MIT, in 1943. He was subsequently invited to join the CSIR (O) in Australia in 1943 and became the Chief of the Division of Radiophysics in Sydney, 1946-71. There he encouraged the new science of radioastronomy and brought about the construction of the 210ft radio telescope at Parkes, New South Wales. He mounted a remarkable effort to improve the rainfall in (dry) Australia, which began in 1947 and continued after he retired in 1971. After his retirement he also served as Counsellor (Scientific) at the Australian Embassy in Washington D.C., USA, 1973-76.

He published, "A Textbook of Radar" (1954) and "Radar Days" (1987).

He was awarded the OBE in 1941, the American medal of freedom (for contributions to the US war effort in 1947, and the CBE in 1962. In 1975 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He died in 1991.

The papers provide a detailed and most interesting account of developments in radar with which Dr Bowen was involved from 1935 until 1978. Sections 1 to 3 deal respectively with early warning, airborne and centimetre wave radar while Section 4 is concerned with the wartime Tizard Mission to the United States and work being done there on microwave radar. Each of these Sections is preceded by an account by Dr Bowen of the field covered by the papers therein.

Section 5 contains the daily proceedings of the Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors hearing the radar claims and is largely made up of xerox copies of papers held in the Science Museum Library. Dr. Bowen's own radar patents and associated papers occupy the final section, Section 6.

The papers were presented to Churchill Archives Centre in December 1978 and May 1979. EGBN 7/1 was deposited in 1986.

Access and Use

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holder and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Edward George Bowen, EGBN

Further information

Copies of the catalogue are available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, the National Register of Archives, London, and on the Janus website http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk.

This collection (fonds) level description and catalogue was prepared by Andrew Riley of Churchill Archives Centre in June 2004. Additional information was obtained from Bowen's entry in "Who Was Who, 1897 - 1996" (A&C Black) and from an online obituary of Bowen prepared by the Australian Academy of Science (http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/aasmemoirs/bowen.htm, viewed June 2004).

Index Terms
Second World War (1939-1945)
Bowen, Edward George (1911-1991) radiophysicist
Churchill/EGBN contains:
1 History of early warning radar. 1935–1978
2 Development of airborne radar. 1935–1985
3 Centimetre wave radio. 1940–1978
4 The "Tizard mission" and development of microwave radar in the USA. 1940–1985
5/1-46 Originals and photocopies of proceedings of Royal Commission on Awards to inventors, radar claims, April-November 1951. Includes 5/46, documents supporting claims by Sir Robert Watson-Watt and others in respect of the development of radar, 1931-47.
46 folders.
6 Bowen's radar patents. 1944–1963
7 Bowen's biography, "Radar days". 1985

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