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Churchill contains:
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AHKY The Papers of Adeline, Lady Hankey
AITK The Papers of Jonathan Aitken
AJMS The Papers of Wing Commander Sir Archibald James
ALBU The Papers of Austen Albu
ALIB The Papers of Thomas Allibone
AMEJ The Papers of Julian Amery
AMEL The Papers of Leopold Amery
ANCG The Papers of Sir Angus Cunninghame Graham
AROH Ove Arup Oral History Project
ARUP The Papers of Sir Ove Arup
ASHB The Papers of Michael Ashburner
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The Papers of Julian Amery

Title The Papers of Julian Amery
Reference GBR/0014/AMEJ
Creator Amery, Harold Julian, 1919-1996, Baron Amery of Lustleigh
Covering Dates c 1900-c 1997
Extent and Medium 834 archive boxes
Repository Churchill Archives Centre
Content and context

Julian Amery was born 27 March 1919, the son of Leopold Amery, PC, CH. He was educated at Summer Fields, then Eton College, before going on to Balliol College, Oxford. In 1950, Amery married Catherine Macmillan, daughter of the 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC, FRS [earlier Maurice Harold Macmillan], having one son and three daughters. Lady Catherine died in 1991.

Amery's career began as a War Correspondent in the Spanish Civil War, (1938-1939), and from there he moved to foreign affairs, serving as Attaché at the British Legation, Belgrade [Yugoslavia], and on special missions in Bulgaria, Turkey, Roumania and the Middle East, (1939-1940). He joined the RAF as a sergeant in 1940, then was commissioned and transferred to the army in 1941, seeing active service in Egypt, Palestine and Adriatic, (1941-1942), before a period as liaison officer to the Albanian resistance movement in 1944, and finally a position on the staff of General Carton de Wiart, VC, Churchill's personal representative with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, in 1945.

Once the war was over, Amery turned to politics, unsuccessfully contesting the seat of Preston [Lancashire] in July 1945. At the next attempt, however, Amery won the seat, and remained Conservative MP for Preston North, from 1950 to 1966, later becoming MP for Brighton Pavilion [Sussex], (1969-1992).

Once in Parliament, Amery served as a delegate to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, (1950-1953 and 1956), and a member of the Round Table Conference on Malta, (1955). His political positions included: Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State and Financial Secretary at the War Office, (1957-1958); Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Colonial Office, (1958-1960); Secretary of State for Air, (October 1960-July 1962); Minister of Aviation, (1962-1964); Minister of Public Building and Works, (June-October 1970); Minister for Housing and Construction, (1970-1972); Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, (1972-1974). Amery was made a Privy Counsellor in 1960, and his other honours include: Honorary LLD Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri [United States]; Knight Commander, Order of the Phoenix, Greece; Grand Cordon, Order of Skanderbeg, Albania; Order of Oman, first class. He died in September 1996.

Amery's publications include: "Sons of the Eagle" (1948); "The Life of Joseph Chamberlain": volume IV, "1901-3: At the Height of his Power" (1951); volumes V and VI, "1901-14: Joseph Chamberlain and the Tariff Reform Campaign" (1969); "Approach March", Amery's autobiography (1973); articles in National Review, Nineteenth Century and the Daily Telegraph.

The collection held at Churchill Archives Centre includes: personal and family papers, including correspondence with other members of the Amery family, financial and household papers; some papers from Amery's wartime service; Amery's personal and general correspondence; political correspondence and papers, including copies of ministerial papers and election material; a large amount of constituency correspondence, from Amery's Preston and Brighton seats; papers on foreign affairs, including Amery's visits abroad; literary material, including the transcription of Leo Amery's diaries, material on Amery's biography of Joseph Chamberlain, his own autobiography and "Sons of the Eagle"; speeches and articles; election papers; engagement diaries; press cuttings; photographs; audio material.

The papers were deposited at Churchill Archives Centre in 1997 by Amery's son, Mr Leo Amery.

The papers are currently being catalogued. Where they have not yet been catalogued in detail, no reference numbers have been assigned other than at series level, so please use the provisional box-numbers given when requesting a file from this material

The Papers of Julian Amery have been accepted in lieu of Inheritance Tax by HM Government and allocated to Churchill Archives Centre, 2002.

Access and Use

The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed. Churchill Archives Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Please cite as Churchill Archives Centre, The Papers of Julian Amery, AMEJ

Further information

Churchill Archives Centre also holds the papers of Leo Amery, GBR/0014/AMEL.

The collection is currently being catalogued. A copy of the provisional list and sections of the catalogue are available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, and on the Janus website, http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/.

This collection and series level description was created by Katharine Thomson of Churchill Archives Centre in January 2003 and January 2006. Biographical information was taken from Amery's entry in Who Was Who (A and C Black, 1997) and from the finding aid to the collection. The collection was box-listed by Alan Kucia, Allen Packwood, Andrew Riley and Sarah Lewery of Churchill Archives Centre between 1997 and 2000.

Index Terms
Foreign Policy
Amery, Leopold Stennett (1873-1955) politician
Amery, Harold Julian (1919-1996) Baron Amery of Lustleigh, politician
Conservative Party
Churchill/AMEJ contains:
1 Public and political.
132 archive boxes.
2 Correspondence.
154 archive boxes.
3 Personal.
43 archive boxes.
4 Diaries.
19 archive boxes.
5 Press cuttings.
34 archive boxes.
6 Elections.
16.5 archive boxes.
7 Speeches and articles.
26 archive boxes.
8 Literary.
109 archive boxes.
9 Constituency.
144 archive boxes.
10 Photographs. Photographs of JA, on subjects including his Second World War mission to Albania (some used in his book "Sons of the Eagle"), his family, official visits and ministerial photographs, particularly of JA at the Air Ministry.
c 50 archive boxes.
c 1900-c 1994
11 Records. Includes speeches and broadcasts by JA, with some audio cassettes, on subjects including negotiations between Israel and Jordan in 1967-68.
15 items.
c 1950-c 1970
12 Financial.
c 70 archive boxes.

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