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Manuscripts contains:
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MS Add.7603 Cecil Bendall, Professor of Sanskrit: Correspondence
MS Add.7610-7612 Edward Gordon Duff: Letters to him
MS Add.7616 Correspondence and papers of Neil Benjamin Edmonstone (1765-1841)
MS Add.7617 Sir J.F.W. Herschel: Poems and Miscellaneous Papers
MS Add.7619 Letters from Sir Michael Palairet to C.B. Hurry
MS Add.7620 The Papers of Frederick Gowland Hopkins
MS Add.7621 William Smith (1756-1835) and family correspondence, journals and other papers
MS Add.7623 Francis John Henry Jenkinson (1853-1923), Librarian to the University of Cambridge 1889-1923: correspondence concerning the Sandars Readership in Bibliography
MS Add.7625 Arthur Campbell Beevor: Correspondence and Papers
MS Add.7627 Terrot Reaveley Glover: Papers
MS Add.7633 Alexander William Kinglake: Letters and Papers
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The Papers of Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Title The Papers of Frederick Gowland Hopkins
Reference GBR/0012/MS Add.7620
Creator Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland (1861-1947) Knight, biochemist
Covering Dates 1800–2009 (early 19th century-2009, but predominantly 1910–40)
Extent and Medium 8 archival boxes and 1 dispatch box; leather; cloth; paper; parchment; photograph; wood; Much of the material has sustained minor losses, edge tears, and mechanical damage due to poor packaging. Many items also display foxing and surface dirt.
Repository Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
Content and context

Frederick Gowland Hopkins was born in Eastbourne, Sussex in 1861. He was educated at the City of London School and Alexandra Park College, Hornsey. In 1878 he was articled to a consulting analyst but quickly moved on to study chemistry at the Royal School of Mines, South Kensington and then to an associateship in the Institute of Chemistry at University College, London. From 1884 he acted as assistant to Thomas Stevenson, Home Office analyst and lecturer at Guy's hospital. Hopkins entered Guy's Hospital 1888, gained his B.Sc. in 1890 and became medically qualified in 1894. He continued at Guy's discharging a number of duties as assistant to the physiology department and fitting in research whenever possible (notably on the pigmentation of pieridae butterflies).

In 1898, under the patronage of Michael Foster, Hopkins became a lecturer in the University of Cambridge physiology department being promoted to reader in 1902. He combined this work with a tutorial post at Emmanuel College and research work when possible. Trinity College awarded him a praelectorship in 1910 greatly increasing his ability to dedicate time to research. From 1914-43 Hopkins was made the first professor of biochemistry. From 1921 the professorship was restyled the Sir William Dunn professor of biochemistry.

Hopkins was instrumental in giving precision to ideas about the existence of vitamins. He closely studied the chemistry of intermediary metabolism and is credited with the establishment of biochemistry, both in Cambridge and internationally, as a separate discipline from physiology.

He was accorded numerous accolades and honours in his latter years including numerous honorary degrees, prizes from learned societies; a shared Nobel Prize for physiology in 1929; the presidency of the Royal Society 1930-1935; presidency of the British Association in 1933; a knighthood in 1925; and the award of the Order of Merit in 1935.

Hopkins continued to undertake some work in the Biochemistry laboratory after his retirement in 1943, although failing eyesight meant he increasingly required assistance. He died on 16 May 1947 aged 85. He was survived by his wife of 49 years Jessie Ann Hopkins (née Stevens); his daughter Barbara Elizabeth Holmes, biochemist; his son Frederick Edward Gowland Hopkins, physician; and his daughter (Jessie) Jacquetta Hawkes (other married name Priestley), archaeologist and writer.

Approximately one third of the bulk of papers comprise working papers and notebooks. About another quarter comprises correspondence, certificates and ephemera relating to honours awarded by various bodies or relating to Frederick Gowland Hopkins' association with learned societies. The remaining material is a combination of papers and photographs generated by Frederick Gowland Hopkins' family (much of it predating his birth); together with correspondence and papers he generated in a personal capacity. A handful of published biographies and obituaries were added to the collection prior to deposit.

The collection was presented by Joseph Needham, Sc.D; Mrs Barbara Holmes, Ph.D; and Malcolm Dixon, Sc.D, in 1962. It is apparent from annotations on the material, or its wrappers, that the former two depositors inserted many items from a variety of sources into the main body of material accumulated by Frederick Gowland Hopkins. It is not certain that they annotated all items prior to insertion. The supporting material catalogued as MS Add.7620/1/18 was supplied by Stanley L. Becker, Ph.D, in March 1990. Additional deposits of family photographs, ephemera and biographical items were made by Dr Nicolas Hawkes. The material may be identified by the text 'Hawkes: 5 June 2010' or 'Hawkes: 4 Aug. 2010'.

The material was presented without a system of arrangement thus the cataloguing archivist of 2009 imposed current order to facilitate access. Original archival order was preserved within discreet files, envelopes or bundles. The accruals of 2010 have largely been left as a single sequence labelled '/N', which is effectively section /8. Some items have been incorporated in the sequences of the 2009 arrangement.

Access and Use

In English, Ger, Fre, Latin, Swedish

Please cite as Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives, The Papers of Frederick Gowland Hopkins, MS Add.7620

Further information

Prior to deposit a number of items were published in ''Hopkins and biochemistry, 1861-1947: papers concerning Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, O.M., P.R.S., with a selection of his addresses and a bibliography of his publications'', edited by Joseph Needham and Ernest Baldwin; With a foreword by A.C. Chibnall; and contributions by Malcolm Dixon [and others] (Cambridge: W. Heffer, 1949).

Further material relating to Frederick Gowland Hopkins and the Department of Biochemistry can be found within the Cambridge University Archives under the following reference codes: BCHEM; Pr.A. H.816 (11); Pr.C. H.304; CAS H218; CAV 14/7; Phot.57-8. Associated correspondence and papers, 1914-47, are held by the Medical Research Council (reference code not known). Correspondence with A.V. Hill, 1912-40, is held at the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge (reference code: AVHL). Correspondence re the Society for Protection of Science and Learning, 1933-46, is held at amongst the Special Collections of Bodleian Library, Oxford (reference code: SPSL). The Jacquetta Hawkes Archive is held by the University of Bradford Special Collections department (reference code: HAW).

Cataloguer's note: The cataloguing of this collection was generously funded by private donation of Dr Nicolas Hawkes, grandson of Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins. The online catalogue for Janus was compiled by Zoe A. Rees, Cambridge University Library Department of Manuscripts and University Archives in December 2009 and was emended in January 2011. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the online Dictionary of National Biography entry http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/33977 (accessed December 2009).

Index Terms
Academic Decorations of Honour
Decorations of Honour
Educational Foundations
Experimental Chemistry
Experimental Methods
Medical Sciences
Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland (1861-1947) Knight, biochemist
Manuscripts/MS Add.7620 contains:
1 Material generated or accumulated as an academic post holder.
1.5 boxes; paper; cloth; wood; photograph.
2 Notebooks and loose notes.
1 box; paper.
3 Material relating to consultancies.
2 folders and 1 dispatch box; paper; leather.
4 Material generated by honorific positions and associated activities.
1.5 boxes; paper; photograph.
5 Biographical studies, obituaries, and memorial publications.
0.5 boxes; paper.
6 Material generated by personal and family matters.
1 box; paper; parchment; photograph; wood.
7 Miscellaneous newspaper cutting of a letter to the editor of an unspecified paper from A[rthur] H[eygate] Mackmurdo re Professor Elliot Smith and natural selection.
1 sheet; paper.
8 (N) Photographs and ephemera.
2 boxes; card; paper; photograph; pencil; chalk.

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