The Crimean War, 1853-1856, was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between Russia and an alliance of Britain, France, and the Ottoman Turks, with support from the army of Sardinia-Piedmont from January 1855. The war developed out of the disputes in the Middle East between the major European powers. The Austro-Hungarian empire, ruled by Emperor Francis Joseph (1830-1916), avoided direct military involvement during the war. The Vienna Conference was in session throughout the conflict in an effort to formulate a proposal for peace. Russia accepted preliminary peace terms in February 1856, after Austria threatened to join her opponents. The war was eventually settled by the Treaty of Paris, March 1856.
Transcripts of Austrian despatches and minutes of council before and during the Crimean War, taken from originals in the Austrian State Archives and French Foreign Office, in typescript and various hands, 1849-1857, 236 folios: (fos 1-21) Count Buol to Emperor Francis Joseph and General Hess; (fos 22, 55, 63, and 75) protocols drawn up by the Vienna Conference, 1854; (fos 27-45, 72-74, and 81-98) Count Buol to Baron Hübner and Emperior Francis Joseph; (fos 102-110) Count Nesselrode, Baron Budberg, E. Drouyn de Bourqueney, Count Buol, General Hess, Count Waleski; (fo. 121) statement of Austrian Government; (fo. 125) Nesselrode to Prince Alexander Gortschakopff; (fos 137-149) London meeting, Count Valentin Esterhazy, Viscount de Redcliffe, Earl of Clarendon; (fos 150-158) notes, observations on Vienna Conferences, Count Prokesch-Osten; (fos 176-205) Emperor Francis Joseph, Count Buol, Baron Hübner, suggested clauses for insertion in the peace treaty; (fo. 208) Austrian answers to proposals made by Pope Pius IX; (fo. 210) Count Buol, Count V. Esterhazy, draft despatches.
Presented by I.F.D. Morrow, 1928.